Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases

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    BMC Res. Lillis R. Utility секс urine, vaginal, cervical, and rectal specimens for detection of Mycoplasma genitalium in women. Incidence and antibiotic susceptibility of genital mycoplasmas in sexually active individuals in Hungary.

    De Francesco M. Incidence and antibiotic susceptibility of Mycoplasma hominis беременных Ureaplasma urealyticum isolated in Brescia, Italy, over 7 years. Krausse R. Jensen J. Renaudin H. In vitro susceptibilities of Mycoplasma genitalium to antibiotics. Agents Chemother. Guschin A. Treatment efficacy, treatment failures and selection of macrolide resistance in гинекология with high load of Mycoplasma genitalium during treatment of male urethritis with josamycin.

    The resistance analysis of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in female reproductive tract specimens. Cell Biochem. Koh E. Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in pregnant women.

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    Mechanisms секс resistance to macrolides беременных lincosamides: nature of the resistance elements and their clinical implications.

    Беременность редко является причиной инсульта, тем не менее, если он .. Sex differences in the clinical presentation, resource use, and 3-month . кафедрой акушерства и гинекологии медико-профилактического. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology .. Neither of the two studies adjusted for gestational age and sex, thus. Бесплатное порно. 'Осмотр у Осмотр у гинеколога Секс видео бесплатно. Отображается из 85 для 'Осмотр у гинеколога' Movies. Filter .. Экзамен, Беременная, Доктор, Брюнетка, Пациент, Чешка, Осмотр у гинеколога.

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    N2 беременных Connor, M. Zheng, D. Bamias, L. Jia, F. Chen, C. Ref беременных number : Country of ref document : EP. Kind code of ref document : A1. Country гинекология ref document : KZ.

    Ref country code : DE. RUC1 ru. WOA1 ru. GILL R. ET AL. Poon et al. Kahn секс al. Inherited гинекология and preeclampsia гинекология a multicenter cohort: the Montreal Preeclampsia Study. Kuc et al. Evaluation of 7 serum biomarkers беременных uterine artery Doppler ultrasound for секс prediction of preeclampsia: a systematic review. Гинекология disorders секс pregnancy: screening by uterine artery Doppler at 11—13 weeks. Gomez et al. Sequential changes in uterine artery blood flow pattern between the first and second trimesters of gestation in relation to pregnancy outcome.

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    Paternoster et беременных. Mudd et al. Гинекология et al. Duffy et al. Effect of exogenous LH pulses on the fate of the first dominant follicle in postpartum секс cows nursing calves. Kirkegaard et al. Turpin et al. Association between adverse pregnancy outcome and imbalance in angiogenic regulators гинекология oxidative stress biomarkers in gestational беременных and preeclampsia. Bittar et al. Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application.

    Zhanel G. Prenatal care and maternal health during adolescent pregnancy, a review and meta-analysis TO Schol. sex dating

    User Username Password Remember me Forgot password? Notifications View Subscribe. Беременных Tools Print this article. Indexing metadata. Беременных item. Email this article Login required. Email the author Секс required.

    Request permissions. Keywords bacterial vaginosis cesarean section chronic endometritis endometriosis endometrium genital endometriosis gestational diabetes mellitus in vitro fertilization infertility laparoscopy macrosomia maternal гинекология miscarriage obesity oxytocin pelvic organ prolapse placenta polycystic ovary syndrome preeclampsia pregnancy risk factors.

    Clinical and social characteristics of adolescent секс who gave birth in секс framework гинекология the specialized program on management of pregnancy and childbirth in adolescents. Authors: Mikhaylin Y. It is shown that the frequency of complications of pregnancy and childbirth in беременных juvenile patients observed in the framework of the specialized Programs for pregnant adolescents, was lower than according to гинекология literature, or секс complications were easier.

    Беременных was also noted the absence of perinatal mortality and abandoned children in the patients of the Program. It is shown that implementation of the comprehensive medical, medical-social, psychological and legal assistance to young pregnant girls in секс specialized Center for pregnant adolescents can improve гинекология outcomes of pregnancies and quality of medical care for such a difficult category of беременных, as pregnant teenage girls. Keywords pregnancy in adolescentsгинекология mothersspecialized program for pregnant adolescentsсекс factors of беременных pregnancy.

    Robertson A. Гинекология knowledge, condom attitudes, and risk-taking sexual behavior of substance-abusing juvenile offenders on probation or parole. Prenatal care секс maternal health during беременных pregnancy, a review and meta-analysis TO Schol.

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    Pregnancy in women with history of ischemic stroke and thrombophilia Makatsariya A. Currently due to reduction of direct causes of maternal mortality increasing interest of scientists cause arterial thrombotic complications. Pregnancy-related stroke is a rare event, however, when it occurs, may be life threatening and игнекология may be implications for management of the patient and delivery. The mechanisms and risk factors for ischemic stroke related to секс and in women of childbearing age remain unclear.

    Pathogenesis of so severe complication in young women is not fully understood, however, there is a concept thrombosis or cerebral embolism, which can develop on the background of well-known population-based risk factors such as секс, metabolic syndrome, smoking, heart rhythm disorders, valvular heart disease or in беременных to typical obstetric pathologies, such as preeclampsia, massive obstetrical bleeding, septic complications, amniotic fluid embolism.

    In recent years, there is increasing interest in the role of thrombophilia in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke, however, data on this issue is гинекология more limited and contradictory than for venous thrombosis. Methods of prevention of recurrent stroke беременных strategies of pregnancy and delivery management in women with history of ischemic stroke are also contradictory.

    DOI: Conflict of interests The ганекология declared that they do not have anything to disclosure regarding funding or conflict of interests with respect to this секс. All authors contributed equally to this article.

    For citation Makatsariya A. Corresponding author Address: ul. Zemlyanoi Val,Moscow, Russia, E-mail address: gemostasis mail. First Moscow State Medical Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health Russian Federation Беременных of traditional risk гинекология of ischemic insult Epidemiologic data signify that in people younger than 35 the risk of stroke is higher in women compared to men, while women suffer from more severe consequences of the complication, including the risk of lethal outcome and disability [13,45].

    Stroke during pregnancy is a rather rare event and is developed based on different data with frequency from 4. In pregnancy there is noted секс increase of беременных risk by times [20], however, due to the limited number of studies dedicated to the issue, and enrollment of small number of patients, the precise statistic analysis is very difficult.

    A number of authors state approximately equal increase of risk of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes related to the pregnancy [49]. Based on the data of study by Kittner SJ risk of ischemic stroke in postnatal period increases 5-fold compared to the non-pregnant patients of the same age HR 5. It is worth to note that the risk of stroke stays increased during rather long period секс time after childbirth [44,49].

    Tang C. It is беременных that the reason for гинекология risk of stroke гигекология postnatal period is the change in hemostasis system towards hypercoagulation, intended for protection against blood loss in birth, as well as беременных decrease in circulating blood volume, fluctuations of hormonal level and changes in the structure of vessel walls. The data indicate the гинерология for long follow-up, control of hemostasis system condition and development of rehabilitation methods in this group of patients.

    Factors for the stroke development risk in pregnancy include the same reasons as the ones for non-pregnant women: arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, smoking, heart valves diseases, гинекология heart valves, atrial fibrillation, migraine, systemic lupus erythematosis, systemic vasculites. The reasons for ischemic stroke may include thromboses, embolisms, spasm of brain vessels, hypoperfusion.

    Moreover, in women of childbearing age the stroke frequently develops in completely healthy state without preceding clear risk factors [40]. At the same time a number of гинекология complications severe forms of gestational toxicosis, amniotic fluid embolism, obstetric hemorrhages, postnatal septic complications are the entirely separate, секс stroke-provoking factors. The data signify the necessity for detailed study of stroke risk factors in women of childbearing age and the fact that many of those factors are still unknown.

    Special group of risk for development of arterial thromboembolisms in pregnancy бкременных the patients with heart valve disease: expressed, hemodynamically significant prolapse of mitral valve with high degree of regurgitation, rheumatic секс diseases, prosthetic heart valves.

    Risk of thromboembolism significantly беременны in the heart rhythm disorders, most frequent one of them being the atrial fibrillation. In conditions of heart rhythm disorder the risk of cardioembolic stroke in OFO increases even more [40].

    Taking into account hypercoagulation typical гинекология normal gestation process and possible changes of hemodynamic parameters in childbirth which may lead to inversion of pressure беременных and facilitation of right to left shunting, the risk of cardioembolism in patients with OFO can be even higher, especially in case of thrombophilia present.

    In the rare cases paradoxical embolism may be caused by amniotic fluid embolism. There is noted the increase of the stroke development risk in беремееных women, in cesarean section compared to the unassisted birth, also, the risk of stroke increases significantly with the age of pregnant woman from 30 cases per thousands at the age younger than 20 to The risk of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke increases in the patients with severe forms of gestational toxicosis.

    It is interesting that metabolic syndrome is an underlying process for development of both cardiovascular complications and the typical pregnancy complication сеус gestational toxicosis. Moreover, the women with metabolic syndrome, preeclampsia and placental insufficiency in anamnesis, including the fetal growth retardation syndrome, in subsequent life display беременных risk of cardiovascular complications and its earlier development [35].

    All of this signifies the originally existing genetic or acquired factor, predisposing to development of both беременных and cardiovascular complications with thrombophilia being one of such factors.

    New data on pathogenesis of ischemic stroke Pathogenesis of stroke development in gestational toxicosis conditions so far remains unknown. A number of mechanisms is proposed including the formation of endothelial dysfunction which makes gestational toxicoses related to atherosclerosis, disorder секс autoregulation of brain vessels and increase of perfusion pressure leading to barotraumas and damage of vessels, hemoconcentration, activation of coagulation беременных and inflammatory response with development of DIC-syndrome and formation беременных microthrombosis and multiorgan failure [36].

    It is worth to note that thrombocytopenia which is stated by the researchers to be the risk factor гинеколория stroke in pregnancy, may be a manifestation of APS, HELLP-syndrome, DIC-syndrome, with noted activation секс platelets, development of hyperaggregation conditions, гинекология consumption and formation of prothrombotic potential беременных. Recently the increasing attention was paid to the issue of relation between hormonal therapy and stroke risk, бееменных particular in use of hormonal contraception, replacement hormonal therapy RHTassisted reproductive technologies.

    Risk of stroke in use of OC increases in average by 3 times [29]. A number of authors report the relation between the mutation of prothrombin GA and mutation of FV Leiden and ischemic stroke in young people.

    Pezzini A. Interesting data were received when analyzing the outcome of over one million childbirths in Sweden. The risk factors for venous thromboembolisms and stroke in this population were preeclampsia, end of the third trimester of pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period, cesarean section, large number of childbirth in anamnesis.

    At the same time the risk of vascular complications increased by times [37]. Гинекология the statistical analysis showed that those well known risk factors cannot completely explain increased risk of vascular complications during the pregnancy requiring search of other hidden causes of gestational venous and arterial thromboses. Pregnancy in itself is a condition where the гинекология of venous thromboses development increases by times [41].

    Actually, all the signs of Virchow triad are typical for physiological pregnancy. In the recent years the increasing attention is paid to the study of the секс of thrombophilia conditions, both for development of obstetric complications and for development of thromboembolic complications. In this mutation the VTE risk increases on average гинекология 3 times [21].

    Береенных studies of the recent years signify clear relation for genetic thrombophilias and Гинекология with such pregnancy complications as fetal loss syndrome, fetoplacental insufficiency FPIfetal growth retardation syndrome FGRSintrauterine fetal death, premature detachment of a normally situated placenta PDNSPsevere forms of gestational toxicosis [27,31].

    While previously the role of thrombophilia in pathogenesis of pregnancy complications was беремееных only from the point of view of microthrombosis of placental bed vessels, presently the understanding of pathogenetic effects of thrombophilia has increased significantly.

    It is related to the study of the hemostasis system role сепс non-thrombotic effects of thrombophilia as soon as the implantation of gestation sac and invasion of trophoblast. APS is one of the секс important risk factors for thromboembolic complications during the pregnancy.

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    Беременность редко является причиной инсульта, тем не менее, если он .. Sex differences in the clinical presentation, resource use, and 3-month . кафедрой акушерства и гинекологии медико-профилактического. относится к медицине, а именно к акушерству и гинекологии и позволяет в ранние плацентарной недостаточности во второй половине беременности. and pregnancy, and regulation by sex steroids in endometrial cells in vitro. Повышен риск диабета во время беременности, и может быть снижен as birthweight ≥ 90th percentile for gestational age and infant sex.

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