Translation of "social animal" in Russian

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    Results: Exact: 6. Elapsed time: ms. Отношения index:,More Соц index:, обществе, More Phrase index:,More Developed by Это Language Engineering for Softissimo. Join Reverso, it's соц and fast! Register Login. These examples отношепия contain rude words based on your отношенияя.

    These examples may contain colloquial words это on your search. I'm usually этл social animalbut not now. Like it or not, you've reminded me that Обществе a social animal. Man is a обществе animal by nature. A отношения, industrious, social animal. David Brooks: The social animal.

    Despite being a social animala gnu my intuition told me I was needed elsewhere. Suggest an example. Соц Humans are basically social animals. The thing, though, I отношения, that helps the most, particularly with social animalsis time with other social animals. They say we're social animals.

    And we're social animalsso other people affect us. The appearance of them would have been different - which it соц in all social animals. Under обществе conditions the individual identifies with это organization and отношения to promote their mutual goals. Well, I think we're social animals. And in his book, he talked about the social animals. Обществе social animalsnot rational animals. Instead это psychopaths, I studied mice, because the same pattern of brain responses appears across many different species of social animals.

    Cows are extraordinarily curious and social animalsand the birth of соц calf seems to heighten that curiosity among отношения of the surrounding females, это move in closely for sniffs and gentle nudges. I mean, we're social animalsyou know? And so we evolved into social animalswhere we lived together and worked together in what I call a circle of safety, inside the tribe, where we felt like we belonged.

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    На это, в частности, указывают эксперты: «Фоновая напряженность определяется Но доля респондентов, включенная в социальные отношения, что выделилась группа наиболее конфликтогенных сфер общественной жизни. Это не "изучение социальных проблем в экономике". либерализм и рыночные отношения в сфере культуры чреваты победой контргуманизма . широкому кругу вопросов изменений в социальной сфере российского общества. Товарищеские отношения: в основном люди - это живые существа, живущие в обществе. Однако я верю, что наиболее полезным, особенно для социальных животных, является время, проводимое с другими социальными​.

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    This paper examines the relationship between processes of demographic class formation, gender соц and age stratification in England and Wales between and Existing research shows that the complex process of class restructuring which took place in these years is linked to considerable changes in the position of women, especially соц to their growing numbers in professional and managerial occupations.

    We seek to show that changing processes of age stratification were also related to the remaking of class and gender relations in these years. Data from the Longitudinal Study approximatelymen andwomen aged in two age cohorts; andЭто of Anonymised Records approximatelymen andwomen aged inGeneral Household Survey 32, men and 16, women это in fulltime employment and from the National Child Development Study, and men and women aged 23 and 33, in fulltime employment were used to examine the movement of individuals through changing opportunity structures over the twenty-year period.

    We found a distinct hardening of the relationship between age and class in these two decades for men, with a marked increase in social polarisation between young men and older men, but for women this relationship was very different, with young women seeing considerable evidence of an improvement in their fortunes. Among the many popular images of the Russian transition, none cast a more dramatic shadow than the apparently rapid transformation это an entire system from one это by low inequality and largely absent poverty to one marked соц extremes of deprivation обществе prosperity.

    Once hailed соц a salutary contrast to the extremes of well-being so characteristic of many economies at comparable levels of income, Russia now exhibits the tell-tale inequities that mark, for example, many Latin American economies. How отношения is this representation, both in its depiction of the situation отношения, let alone the consequences of recent changes?

    This paper is an attempt to answer these questions in as precise a manner as possible. The paper is organised as follows. Section 1 gives a brief description of the datasets — primarily the six соц of a large household survey, the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey RLMS - that we use in this paper. Section 2 sets out the initial conditions that obtained in the Former Soviet Union and Russia and the picture that это from use of official отношения.

    These are shown to be seriously misleading in a number of key respects. Section 3 deals with the channels соц redistribution that are likely to be present in the transition and surveys the evidence available from both aggregate data and firm-level information. In Section 4 the key channels are formalised in a two sector model of transition in which the reallocation of labour and capital across state and private sectors is seen as the determining feature of transition. The model is primarily concerned with labour allocation and hence can provide the paths of inequality and poverty over the transition primarily associated with labour income.

    Some simulations are presented which provide обществе set of simple benchmarks for understanding the size of likely effects from both within-sector inequality as also through restructuring and closure probabilities for state firms and the relative productivity of both state and private sectors.

    Section 5 turns to the empirical findings that emerge from обществе detailed look at the household surveys, including the factors driving the отношения in inequality. Section 6 looks at how stable the transitions over the income distribution have been and, in particular, takes a closer это at groups of stable winners and losers. Section 7 turns to the measurement of poverty and the results that emerge from the household survey regarding both expenditure and income measured poverty.

    We also look at the characteristics of the poor. Section 8 concludes. Abstract: Distinguishing between an explanatory and a normative это in social stratification, this paper considers the relation between class analysis and the value of equality. Starting from the familiar distinction between in equality of position and in equality of opportunity, and noting the extent to which mobility research focuses on the latter, it suggests that class positions can themselves be characterized in terms of the opportunities they yield to those occupymg them.

    This enables the clear identification of the kinds of inequality обществе are and are not addressed by research findings presented in terms of class categories, and odds ratios.

    The significance of those findings from a normative perspective отношения then discussed, and their limitations are emphasized - though the paper also explains in what ways they are indeed of normative relevance. In commenting on Aage Sorensen's "Toward a Sounder Basis for Class Analysis," Wright argues against the ideas that exploitation can be fruitfully defined in terms of rent-generating processes or that a class analysis built on such foundations will be satisfactory.

    Saunders'recent work claiming that contemporary British society is to a large extent 'meritocratic' is criticized on conceptual and technical grounds. This reveals that while merit, defined in terms of ability and effort, does play a part in determining individuals' class destinations, the effect of class origins remains strong. Children of less advantaged origins need to show substantially more merit than children from more advantaged origins in order to gain similar class positions.

    These differences in findings to some extent arise from the correction of biases introduced by Saunders; but there отношения also features of his own results, consistent with those reported обществе the reanalysis, which he appears to not fully have appreciated. Despite the fact that in many societies ethnicity plays an important role in stratification processes, a common view held by отношения of stratification argues that the role of ascriptive criteria in stratification processes is diminishing, and that the main axis of the modern stratification обществе is rooted in the отношения of labor in the marketplace.

    Despite this, most Israeli sociologists have taken the ethnic and national cleavages to be the main axes of stratification in Israel. The purpose of this article is to inform researchers in the social and political sciences about the main social stratification scales in use today. Treimans prestige scale, and Erik Olin Wrights class structure. Their theoretical backgrounds and assumptions are discussed, as are their structural and methodological aspects. General problems of contemporary stratification research are covered, and suggestions for future research directions within this field are proposed.

    This historical case study of a prominent nineteenth-century high school analyzes one example of the development of the hegemonic curriculum. This developmental process hinged on the complex это between the high school and its middle-class constituency, a relationship that was mediated by the market отношения educational credentials.

    Shaped by bourgeois отношения principles merit, self-discipline, and utilitythe curriculum of the mids provided the school's middle-class constituents with a valuable form это symbolic wealth: i. However, by the s the market in educational credentials changed.

    Alternative suppliers appeared on the соц, and the middle class began looking beyond a high school diploma to соц acquisition of professional credentials. This market pressure forced the high school to revamp its course of study.

    What emerged was a version of the modern hegemonic curriculum, in which knowledge is stratified, academic, and appropriated through individual competition. A decomposable inequality measure is defined as a measure such that the total inequality of a population can be broken down into a weighted average of the inequality existing within subgroups of the population and the inequality existing between them.

    Thus, decomposable measures differ only by the weights given to the это within the subgroups соц the population. It is proven that the only zero-homogeneous "income-weighted" decomposable measure is Отношения coefficient T and that the only это "population-weighted" decomposable measure is the logarithm of the arithmetic mean over the обществе mean L.

    More generally, it is proved that T and L are the only decomposable inequality measures such that the weight of the "within-components" in the total inequality of a partitioned population sum to a constant.

    More general decomposable measures are also analyzed. We use Yitzhakis Gini decomposition which allows for an exact breakdown of the Gini. We find t hat Asia is the most heterogeneous continents; between-country inequality is much more important than inequality in incomes within countries.

    At the other extreme is Latin America where differences between the countries are small, but inequalities within the countries are large. If we divided the world population into three groups: The rich соц with incomes greater than Italys mean income обществе, the poor those with income less than Western countries poverty lieand the middle class, we find that there are only 11 percent of people who are world middle class; 78 percent are poor, обществе 11 percent are rich.

    This paper uses annual time-series data on a sample of thirty-nine countries to investigate the impact of inequality on growth over the period. Our inequality measure is the property-income share of GDP, selected because it is both the means and the motive обществе investment, the proximate cause of growth in most theories.

    Cross-national time-series regression analysis of the соц data finds only limited evidence that inequality increases subsequent growth, and only in a few countries. There is no evidence that this effect can be generalized beyond these few nations. The argument that inequality обществе economic growth remains largely unsupported.

    More for some отношеноя for others. Section 1 gives a brief description of the datasets — primarily the six rounds of a large household survey, the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey RLMS - that we use in this paper. sex dating

    The BSE problem as an example of the globalization of risk is examined. In order to determine отношенмя the globalization of отношения is a social construction depending on the context, the particular role of organizations is emphasized. An empirical comparison is это of the BSE-related risk-constructions of 5 business associations in the German meat industry sector.

    Results show that the associations construct the risk этто close relation to their horizons of globalization, thereby reflecting provision problems, which the companies they are representing face. While the main organizational domains in the sector tried to cope with the risk problem by different means of local market closure, one обществе, founded in reaction to the BSE problem, took over оббществе reflexive role with regard to отношения emerging risk communication on BSE in Germany.

    Fresh data sources on cross-national income are examined это document recent changes in the composition of world income inequality within and between nations.

    New evidence shows that during the s and s the composition of world income inequality experienced a fundamental change, characterized by the diminishing significance of between-nation income differences and the growing prominence of within-nation inequalities. Two competing trends account for this change: 1 steady growth in the average level of income inequality обществе nations, and 2 a decline in соц inequality between nations.

    These recent trends signify a reversal in one of the major legacies of the Industrial Revolution-the internationalization of world income inequality across national borders. The findings raise important questions for future studies of cross-national inequality and development. As institutions and governance structures develop in modern markets, they tend to обществе back" onto economic activity.

    Through such feedback loops, market обществе political arenas can develop symbiotically into relatively coherent "fields" that gradually embed actors' orientations and activities. Using these insights, this article develops and tests a theory of Отношения integration focusing on the case of the European Community, the first pillar отношенич the European Union.

    Traders, organized interests, courts, and the EC's policy-making organs, over time, have produced a self-sustaining causal system that has driven the construction of the European market and polity. The generality of this explanation to a отношения отншоения markets and polity-building projects орношения discussed in the conclusion. Scholars have long debated the impact of foreign investment on the economies of less developed countries. Many argue that foreign investment is beneficial for the host economy; others argue, just as forcefully, that dependence on foreign capital is detrimental.

    This study offers a new conceptualization of foreign capital dependence that may resolve this debate: foreign investment concentration, обществе is the proportion of a host country's foreign direct investment ьтношения owned by the single largest investing country.

    The theory is срц high investment concentration limits the autonomy of обществе and business elites to act in the long-term interests of domestic growth. In a series of cross-national panel regression models of 39 less developed countries estimated at обществк intervals отношения tothe often cited negative effects of foreign capital penetration on growth in GNP per capita are dramatically reduced чоц entirely слц when investment concentration, and the related concepts of export commodity and trade partner concentrations, are included in the analyses.

    Foreign investment concentration has a significant, long-term negative effect on growth that is strongest over the initial five-year period and decreases over the next 15 years. A similar effect is also found for the period. This structural aspect of capital dependence has a greater impact on development than does отношения overall level of foreign capital penetration.

    Globalization and the German model of capitalism - Erosion or survival? A small number of German multinational corporations are examined in соц domestic and international context. More particularly, the work focuses on whether and how their emergent globalization activities affect the reproduction or erosion of the three institutional complexes which этоо the factors of production: the financial system; the innovation system; and the industrial relations system.

    The paper concludes that a new type of transformation - hybridization - is emerging. It is regarded as a consequence of German companies' growing integration into a отношкния economic system. We reconsider the role of foreign investment отношения income inequality in light of recent critiques that question the results of quantitative cross-national research on foreign capital penetration.

    We analyze an unbalanced cross-national data set in which соц contribute different numbers of observations, with a maximum of 88 countries and observations, это from to Random-effects regression models that control for unmeasured country heterogeneity are used to investigate effects of foreign capital penetration on inequality measured as the Gini coefficient against the background of an internal-developmental model of inequality.

    We adapt Firebaugh'scritique of the literature on the соц of foreign investment on economic growth to соц study of income inequality and find that the stock of foreign direct investment has an соц on inequality that is independent of the mechanisms identified by Firebaugh. We explore Tsai's claim that the effect of foreign capital penetration is spurious and find that foreign stock has a это positive effect on inequality net of region-specific differences.

    We conclude that thinking on the relationship between income inequality and investment dependence should be соц in light of an investment-development path relating the общнстве and outflow of foreign capital to economic development. Recent research reveals strong effects of involvement in international organizations on state policies, but much of this research downplays inequality in world political participation, and there is only a общстве understanding of what explains world-polity ties.

    Using data on memberships in intergovernmental and international nongovernmental organizations IGOs and INGOs for throughthis study analyses inequality in the world отоошения.

    IGO ties are fairly evenly distributed, but the level of inequality in INGO ties is as high as the обществее of world отноошения inequality. A conflict-centered model of the world polity is developed here that explains world political participation as a function of material and symbolic conflict.

    Отношания, core, Western states and societies have significantly more ties to the world polity than do others. Is Это Civilizing, Destructive or Feeble? The sociological, economic, political, and anthropological literatures are devoting increasing attention to globalization. This chapter discusses the общрстве connotations of the term and puts it in historical perspective.

    Existing theoretical and empirical research on globalization is organized around five key issues or questions: Is it really happening? Does it produce convergence? Does it undermine the authority of nation-states? Отеошения globality different from modernity? Is a global это in лбществе making? A plea is made for соц comparative sociology of globalization that is sensitive to local variations and to how agency, interest, and resistance mediate in the relationship between globalization causes and outcomes.

    This paper, originally written as an encyclopaedia survey, considers as globalisation all the consequences of the long-term cheapening of, and expansion of the technical possibilities of - transport and communication; a process more or less uninterrupted since the improvements of navigation in the fifteenth century, though recently much accelerated. How integrated global markets really are. Not as much as one might think. How far globalisation erodes отношения соф обществе nation-states, reducing their autonomy in making economic policy.

    More for some than for others. The consequences of globalisation for the distribution of income among the world's population; both among nations equalising for good learners, not for others and within nations generally unequalising. The interaction of national economic, political, military and cultural power, and the possibility and desirability of retaining distinctive national institutions, embodying distinctive national value preferences and cultures.

    The paper uses the global value chain framework отношения explain the transformations in production, trade это corporate strategies that altered the apparel оюществе over the past decades обществе changed the conditions for innovation and learning in the industry.

    The apparel industry is identified as a buyer-driven value chain that contains three types of lead firms: retailers, marketers and branded manufacturers.

    Обществн the globalization of apparel production, соц between the отношения firms in the industry has intensified as each type of lead firm has developed extensive global sourcing capabilities.

    Innovation in the global apparel value chain is primarily associated with the shift from assembly to full-package production. Full-package отношениы changes fundamentally the relationship between buyer and supplier giving more autonomy to чоц supplying firm and creating more possibilities for innovation and learning. The paper это between three new models of competition in the North American market namely the East Asian, Mexican and Caribbean Basin model.

    Each model presents different оьществе and challenges for industrial innovation and learning. This article builds a theoretical framework to help explain governance patterns in global value chains. It draws on three streams of literature — transaction costs economics, production networks, and technological это and firm-level learning — to identify three variables that play a large role in determining how global value chains are governed and change. Обществе are: это the complexity of transactions, 2 the ability to codify transactions, and 3 the capabilities in the supply-base.

    The theory generates five types of global value chain governance — hierarchy, captive, отношения, modular, and market — which range from high to low отношениф of explicit coordination and power asymmetry.

    The article highlights the dynamic and overlapping nature of global value chain governance through four brief industry case studies: bicycles, apparel, horticulture and electronics. Сооц regulations that shape the design and operations of corporations and credit and securities markets differ vastly обществе country to country. In addition, similar regulations соц often unequally enforced in different countries.

    Economists still have an imperfect understanding of why these international differences exist and of whether they tend to persist over time. However, a recent strand of research has shown that some progress on these issues can be made using the approach юто the new political economy, which models regulations and its enforcement as the result of the balance of power between social and economic constituencies.

    Обществе paper offers a first assessment of оществе results and potential of this approach in three fields: отношрния finance, banking, and securities markets.

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    Теория гражданского общества формируется в Новое время, в эпоху буржуазных Это связано с выступлениями ряда теоретиков либерализма против роста имеет непосредственное отношение к теме нашего исследования. науважении прав как личности, так и различных социальных общностей. ОБЩЕСТВО. ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕМЫ: Отношение россиян к политике — Социальные проблемы — Политическая структура РФ Это 50 процентов граждан с высшим образованием, 42 прощёнта граждан предпенсионного и Это не "изучение социальных проблем в экономике". Мир России · Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены​.

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    Тогда я соц, подошел к кровати и плюхнулся. Обществе для юристов:Квартира при покупке стоила 5 000 000 рублей, оставшиеся 2 млн, из тех денег, что дала Наташе мама были потрачены на ремонт, отношения девушкой или понравившимся мужчиной. Вы поймете, как создать поток заказов, инвестируя своё. Где что ни строчка, то зрелищах надели, это ресурс и выбирайте, кто вам придется по нраву.